Mary Wollstonecraft

I felt so bad I wanted to die -it was all so dark… that was the year of my breakdown with him, my loved one, in the spring of 1794 the splendid Captain Gilbert Imlay left me. We weren’t even married, maybe that was the reason why he didn’t want me anymore, but I loved him so much, and when he went away, my heart got broken. It felt like he had forgotten about us: Fanny, my only daughter, and myself, Mary Wollstonecraft. Maybe he thought that I was not enough for him. In the end, I was just the daughter of a farmer. The year after, I attempted suicide, but I couldn’t take it on, and my little Fanny… I couldn’t leave her either.

During my whole life I have thought that no matter if you were a man or a woman: you had the same rights -human rights- and you should have the same opportunities and possibilities. I have never thought that being a woman had to be a fact that closed you lots of doors and had to corset you in the beliefs of society about women having to be delicate, beautiful, and tender like a flower for the others. But as I have always thought and tried to spread out, I don’t want us women to have power over men, but over ourselves. And as I have always been an immovable feminist, I wrote my beliefs in the book “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman,» where I explain the reasons why education should be egalitarian.

In 1796, I began a liaison with William Godwin, with whom I got married on March 29, 1797 and had my second daughter, Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin. I had a short and brief life, I died eleven days after giving birth to Mary and I wish William has taught her well, with all my beliefs and the dedication I gave to philosophical feminism.

Aira R.

James Cook (‘s last diary entries)

23 January 1779

My name is James Cook and I´m the captain of two ships whose purpose was to find the Northwest Passage believed to link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

In all honesty, my hope is nearly gone. We´ve been sailing along the very same coasts for a few weeks now and I’m starting to get frustrated. I think that a bit of a change will do us good, so I´m taking my crew towards the south and explore.

2 February 1779

After ten days and we´ve found and explored the island of Hawaii. The islanders are very nice people and their island is great too.

10 February 1779

The relations with the islanders have soured. Today one of my vessels has been looted. I think people can appreciate how angry I am. But in order to satisfy myself, I´m going to take the local leader as hostage.

14 February 1779

The plan has gone beyond bad. There was a scuffle and I was stabbed. I´ve lost much blood and my time is running out, so this is my last goodbye to the world. I hope people remember me as an explorer and navigator of the Pacific Ocean, New Zealand and Australia.

Goodbye world.

Ainhoa G.

George Washington

One evening of 1732 in Virginia, I was born. My father was Augustine Washington and my mother was Mary Ball. Ever since I have been dreaming about what I would be when I grew up, so when I was ten I finally decided it: I wanted to be President of the United States of America. To fulfill that dream I began practicing with arms when I was 14. This time was difficult because when I was 11 my father died.

After many years of practice I became a soldier and later I was promoted to general. In 1787 we organized the Constitutional Convention, we defeated the British in battle and I became president of the United States of America, the first but not the last in history.

I was considered a national hero by a lot of my fellow citizens, for others, I was the greatest forger of independence. So after 67 years serving the United States of America I went back to the Lord in 1799.

Lucas G.

David Hume

I’m David Hume, and I was born in the city of Edinburgh, United Kingdom on 7 May 1711. I was a renowned Scottish historian, economist and essayist and I became one of the most influential figures in the Western world during the 18th century.

My philosophy was based on empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. My main works were the “Treatise on Human Nature” and “Research on Human Understanding,” with which I increased my fame in the Europe of Enlightenment. These works were notoriously influenced by John Locke and George Berkeley, as well as several recognized French authors of the time who helped me expand my ideas in their pages.

Also, I worked very hard to create a naturalistic science of man that would examine the psychological basis of human nature itself. In my view, there was a much more central path for human beings where the answers that were being sought could be found, without the need to fall into the mistakes of the past which could only make them fall into an evolutionary setback.

I had several teachers who greatly influenced my thinking and way of seeing life and everything that is in it; among them are several students of the great Isaac Newton, as well as popular writers and poets of that time.

Xavier C.

BIOGRAFIAS

A lo largo de esta primera unidad, en el área de Ciencias Sociales, hemos realizado dentro del  proyecto de Biografías una documentación y una infografía acerca de algún personaje histórico. Una figura relevante que haya marcado nuestra historia ya sea de manera cultural, científica o literaria, entre otras.

Para ello comenzamos eligiendo un personaje dentro de la lista que se nos ofrecía. En esta era posible encontrar ejemplos como Napoleón Bonaparte, Madame de Stäel, Marie Curie… Se hizo el esfuerzo de encontrar a mujeres que marcaron a través de  descubrimientos científicos, el arte o las humanidades. Ha sido una grata sorpresa descubrir que hay mucho más de lo que creemos.

Más tarde realizamos un eje cronológico para situar el contexto histórico en el que se encontraba nuestro personaje, para luego situar los datos más importantes de ellos sobre la historia.

A continuación, nos  agrupamos en parejas para buscar información acerca de nuestro personaje y, seguidamente, a partir del programa informático Canva, donde encontramos los diseños de infografías que más nos gustaron. Poco a poco, fuimos realizando una infografía acorde a nuestros gustos, y, además, que representase de una manera resumida los hechos más importantes de las vidas de nuestros personajes, junto con algunos datos curiosos acerca de ellos.

Ainhoa

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EL LEGADO MUSULMÁN

Durante este último apartado de investigación hemos trabajado en torno al legado musulmán.

Primero, hemos realizado un friso cronológico de todo el periodo musulmán en la Península Ibérica, de las cuales, se han destacado los hechos más relevante. Seguidamente, trabajamos la sociedad musulmana y los grupos sociales que son ganaderos, ya que eran una sociedad eminentemente agraria. Sin embargo, también encontramos funcionarios y el ejército.

Luego, repasamos como se produjo la conquista musulmana de la península ibérica, su organización y distribución de territorios en la península y la comparación de estos con los de hoy en día. Ya que muchas de las taifas de periodo musulmán son la antesala de la actual división territorial, manteniendo nombres o una distribución aproximada.

Más tarde, hemos leído un texto de “El país de las religiones” que explica el periodo multicultural, denotando la pluralidad del momento y la relativa tolerancia de la sociedad, en el que las tres religiones convivieron juntas pacíficamente, como gran símbolo de esta convivencia encontramos la capital Toledo.

Posteriormente, buscamos informamos sobre el legado árabe en diferentes ámbitos de la actualidad, como son en la lengua castellana, el ocio, las fiestas árabes, para posteriormente realizar una pequeña reflexión sobre estos.

Por último, buscamos el papel que desempeño la mujer en la sociedad andalusí, recluida a al hogar y a la crianza de los hijos, y lo comparamos con el de la actualidad.

– Texto elaborado por Micaela Garrido –

CAPERUCITA EN MANHATTAN. RESEÑA LITERARIA

Caperucita en Manhattan es una novela social escrita en el año 1990 por Carmen Martín Gaite. Esta escritora española es una de las figuras más importantes de las letras hispanas del siglo XXI. Recibió entre otros el premio “Príncipe De Asturias”.

El libro narra la vida de Sara, una niña de 10 años muy lista a la que le encanta la fantasía. Vive con sus padres en Manhattan, un barrio de Nueva York que está cerca de la Estatua de la Libertad. Le gusta pasar tiempo con su abuela, quien le cuenta historias de cuando era joven. Sara siempre había querido ir a vivir con ella, pero nunca se había atrevido a decírselo a sus padres. La madre de Sara piensa que su hija es rara ya que siempre hacía preguntas y repetía palabras inventadas, pero en realidad, Sara solo estava jugando (como hacía con su abuela).

Un día Sara conoce a Miss Lunatic, una señora del mismo barrio que Sara que asegura haber llegado a Manhattan al mismo tiempo que la Estatua de la Libertad. Es una mujer peculiar, ya que no le importa el dinero ni tener una casa para vivir; pero a Sara le llama la atención su forma de ser. Esto hace que simpaticen y ejecuten diferentes acciones peculiares.

Una de las cosas más llamativas del libro es la tenacidad de Sara, ya que desde el comienzo tiene un pensamiento inicial y no lo cambia, a pesar de que sus padres no la entiendan y quieran cambiarla.

Aunque cabe remarcar que al principio es demasiado descriptivo, sobre todo en la presentación de los personajes. Esto hace que, en las primeras páginas, la historia no se desarrolle con rapidez; en cambio esta situación varia en el momento que Sara conoce a Miss Lunatic y empieza el misterio.

Julia Santonja, 2º ESO